Human Trafficking Might Constitute War Crimes

Editorial Comment: The Security Council today passed Human Trafficking resolution accusing the so-called Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant “ISIL-Da’esh” and other terrorist groups. According to UNHCR report issued 2016, over 22 thousand refugee children were missed in EU where is no ISIL and Da’esh. How and where these children disappeared? Who stop behind the trafficking of refugee children in Europe?

The Security Council today deplored all acts of trafficking in human beings.The Council, through the text, reaffirmed that those responsible for committing, organizing or supporting terrorist acts must be held accountable, and urged States to provide full coordination in investigations or proceedings involving ISIL, Al-Qaida and associated individuals, groups, undertakings and entities.

In that context, it reiterated States’ obligation to ensure that their nationals and persons in their territory not make available economic resources to those actors — which applied to both direct and indirect trade in oil, modular refineries and related chemicals and lubricants, among other natural resources.

Expressing concern about the lack of implementation of resolutions 1267 (1999), 1989 (2011) and 2199 (2015), including “insufficient” reporting by States to the Committee established pursuant to resolutions 1267 (1999) and 1989 (2011), the Council called on States to “move vigorously and decisively” to cut the flows of funds and other financial assets and economic resources to individuals and entities on the ISIL (Da’esh) and Al-Qaida Sanctions List.

Further, the Council decided that States would take appropriate measures to promote enhanced vigilance by their nationals, persons subject to their jurisdiction and entities incorporated on their territory, to prevent ISIL, Al-Qaida and associated individuals and groups from obtaining, handling, storing, using or seeking access to all types of explosives or raw materials that could be used in their manufacture.

As for the United Nations, the Council decided to extend the mandate of the Office of the Ombudsperson established by resolution 1904 (2009) for 24 months from the expiration of its mandate in December 2017. It requested the Secretary-General to provide the necessary resources and make “necessary arrangements” to ensure the Office’s continued ability to carry out impartial work, updating the Committee in six months on actions taken.

It also decided to extend the mandate of the Monitoring Team established pursuant to paragraph 7 of resolution 1526 (2004) — concerning Al-Qaida and the Taliban and associated individuals and entities — for another 24 months from its current expiration in December 2017. It requested the Secretary-General to add up to two new experts to the Team, along with additional administrative and analytical support resources, to strengthen its ability to analyse ISIL’s financing, radicalization and recruitment. It also requested him to provide an initial strategic report in 45 days that reflected the gravity of the ISIL threat and to provide updates every four months thereafter. Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and its Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children, the Council requested that the Secretary-General take all appropriate steps to reduce “to the greatest extent possible” the risk that the Organization’s procurement and supply chains might contribute to trafficking in persons in situations of armed conflict, and to report back on progress in 12 months.

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