International Conference on Computer Security in a Nuclear World : Expert Discussion and Exchange – Vienna, Austria – 1 – 5 June 2015- Organized by the: International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in cooperation with:
International Criminal Police Organization – INTERPOL
International Telecommunication Union (ITU)
United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI)
International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC)
The computer systems and networks supporting nuclear facility operations include many non-standard information technology systems in terms of architecture, configuration, or performance requirements. These systems can include specialized industrial control systems, access control systems, alarm and tracking systems, and information systems pertaining to safety and security and emergency response. Computer security is concerned with the protection of digital data and defending systems and networks against malicious acts.
The Stuxnet computer security incident demonstrated that nuclear facilities can be susceptible to cyberattack. This and other events have significantly raised global concerns over potential vulnerabilities and the possibility of a cyberattack or a joint cyber–physical attack that could impact on nuclear security. The use of computers and other digital electronic equipment in physical protection systems at nuclear facilities as well as in facility safety systems, instrumentation, information processing and communication continues to grow and presents an ever more likely target for cyberattack. Computer security at facilities handling nuclear and other radioactive material, as well as for associated activities such as transport, represents a unique set of challenges.
The Ministerial Declaration adopted at the International Conference on Nuclear Security: Enhancing Global Efforts held in Vienna, Austria, in July 2013, recognized the International Atomic Energy Agency’s (IAEA’s) efforts to raise awareness of the growing threat of cyberattacks and their potential impact on nuclear security, and encouraged the IAEA to make further efforts to foster international cooperation and to assist States, upon request, in this area through the establishment of appropriate guidance and by providing for its application. Many Member States have already made specific requests to the IAEA Secretariat for assistance and additional activities.