Vienna, Austria, February 27, 2013- Leaders from around the world, including UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon, President Heinz Fischer of Austria, the Emir of Qatar Shaikh Hamad Al Thani, Prime Minister Erdogan of Turkey, Foreign Minister Margallo of Spain, Foreign Minister Salehi of Iran, and many others are meeting in Vienna today for the 5th Global UN Alliance of Civilizations Forum.
Throughout the halls of the Forum, high-level conversations are taking place between these leaders to address current global issues such as Syria, Mali, Israel-Palestine, and the future of sustainable development.
During the opening session of the UNAOC, which was held at Hofburg Festsaal in Vienna, President Fischer emphasized Austria’s role as a possible model of a pluralistic state: “With a long history of diversity in Austria we have pluralism in languages, religions and ethnicities.” According to Fischer, Austria has a stable society united with a strong economy and a functioning rule of law.
During a press conference with the dignitaries, concerns over the conflict in Syria were of key concern. The incoming UN High Representative for the Alliance of Civilizations Nassir Al-Nasser proposed that, “The Alliance can become a major soft power tool to defuse tensions.”
When asked whether Austria is willing to play a role in diffusing rising tensions, Austrian Foreign Minister Michael Spindelegger confirmed “Austria would be ready to host a conference of civil society partners from Syria, aimed at fostering healing and reconciliation between the various religious involved in the current conflict.”
The Forum is taking place February 27th-28th, 2013 and has brought together more than 2000 people from around the world to Vienna, including youth and civil society representatives, religious leaders, business leaders, and others.
The speech of President Fischer is quoted below:
Let me start by extending a very warm welcome to all of you!
Austria, thanks to a long history of diversity, is pluralistic in culture, religion, tradition and language and can therefore serve as an example of a heterogeneous society which is at the same time united in values.
Fourteen churches and religious communities are legally recognized in Austria today. The basis for legal recognition goes back to a constitutional law of 21 December 1867, which – among other things – granted certain fundamental rights to any recognized church or religious community in the then Monarchy. The legal recognition of Islam in Austria dates back to 15 July 1912. We celebrated the 100-year anniversary of the recognition last year. Our diversity is also demonstrated by the Office of the Austrian President: “Office of the Federal President” is written at the entrance gates – not only in German, but also in Hungarian, Slovenian, Croatian, Czech, Slovak and Romani, the languages of the six legally recognized ethnic groups in Austria.
In the recent past a great number of citizens from neighboring countries found a new home in Austria when their countries were struck by crisis: Hungarians after the Hungarian Revolution of1956, Czechoslovakians after the suppressed Prague spring of 1968 and people from the Western Balkans after the collapse of Yugoslavia, followed by war in the 1990ies.
Despite representing a melting pot from an ethnic and cultural point of view, Austria’s society is united and stable – due to a set of common values such as democracy rule of law, human rights, freedom, tolerance and a solid economic performance. Against this background, I firmly believe that it will be possible to build a common future based on respect and understanding and a peaceful co-existence also on a larger scale.
One of the very important steps in that direction is our active participation in the UN Alliance of Civilizations.
Hosting the 5th Global Forum of the Alliance proves Austria’s determination to promote mutual respect in an international environment.
The Forum serves very successful as a platform for exchange and dialogue to representatives of governments, civil society and the private sector, to religious leaders, media professionals and academics.
Evidently all those present here today are interested in the topic of our meeting. But how can we engage other parts of society? How can we achieve the multiplier effect through engaging leadership at all levels of our society?
Excellences, there is a saying that words are dwarfs and examples are giants.
All of us present here today will play an important role in reaching this goal – serving as opinion leaders and good examples. Responsible leadership is essential for success.
I am confident that the forum will encourage and inspire all of us and that we will succeed in leading our societies towards tangible results and a better future.
I do not want to close without praising the tireless efforts of High Representative Jorge Sampaio and I wish every success.
I thank you for your participation and wish you every success.